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Types of Alopecia

 

Anagen Effluvium is temporary hair loss that affects the head, face and body.  Its most common cause is chemotherapy or radiation for the treatment of cancer.

 

Androgenetic Alopecia known  as male/female pattern baldness is the thinning or total loss of hair on top of the head and is the most common type of hair loss affecting over 50 million American men and women.  It is considered hereditary in men, but that conclusion has not been drawn for women.  While often considered a sign of aging individuals have been affected in their early teens.  Hair loss is permanent.

 

Alopecia Areata affects all ages, both male and female, and hair is lost in round patches.  It is an autoimmune disease and it is believed that genetics make some more susceptible than others.  Totalis the total loss of hair on the head and Universalis the complete loss of hair on the head, face and body are sub-categories of Alopecia Areata and are considered rare diseases.  Universalis is the most severe form of the condition.  Their exact cause is not fully known and hair loss can be cyclical, temporary and/or permanent.

 

Cicatricial Alopecia known as scarring alopecia is inflammation beneath the skin that destroys the hair follicles replacing them with scar tissue, hair loss can occur rapidly or over a period of time.  It occurs in both men and women.  Central Centrifugal Cicatricial Alopecia is a sub-category of Cicatricial Alopecia and thought to be more prominent in women of African descent.  Its cause is not fully understood and hair loss is permanent.

 

Frontal Fibrosing Alopecia is a form of lichen planus follicularis in which hair loss progresses slowly accompanied by scarring on the scalp near the forehead.  In some instances there may be progressive loss to eyelashes, eyebrows and other hair on the body.  Seldom seen in men it is considered a rare type of hair loss.  The exact cause is unknown and hair loss is permanent.

 

Ophiasis Pattern Alopecia the loss of hair at the circumference of the head in a wave pattern.  This is another sub-category of Alopecia Areata which mainly affects women.  The cause is not fully understood and in most cases hair loss is permanent.

 

Telogen Effluvium is extensive thinning of the hair typically the body’s reaction to stress, abrupt changes in diet/weight, hormonal changes or medication.  In almost all cases hair loss is temporary.

 

Traction Alopecia is hair loss that occurs over time from hair styling practices that cause damage and trauma to the hair follicles such as bleaching, braiding, weaves or tight ponytails.  Permanent hair loss can be avoided if styling practices are changed.

 

*This is for informational purposes only.  Please contact a medical professional for proper diagnosis and treatment options.

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